The People’s Map of Global China tracks China’s complex and rapidly changing international activities by engaging an equally global civil society. Using an interactive, open access, and online ‘map’ format, we collaborate with nongovernmental organisations, journalists, trade unions, academics, and the public at large to provide updated and updatable information on various dimensions of Global China in their localities. The Map consists of profiles of countries and projects, sortable by project parameters, Chinese companies and banks involved, and their social, political, and environmental impacts. This bottom-up, collaborative initiative seeks to provide a platform for the articulation of local voices often marginalised by political and business elites. It is our hope that the information collected by this networked global civil society will be a useful resource for policymaking, research, and international advocacy.
Below is a list of of the editors and contributors to this project. For further information about this project please refer to our FAQ.
Ivan Franceschini is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Australian National University. His current research focuses on the impact of Chinese investment on Cambodian society. He has published several books related to China, on topics ranging from human trafficking to digital activism, from labour struggles to civil society. With Tommaso Facchin, he co-directed the documentaries Dreamwork China (2011) and Boramey: Ghosts in the Factory (2021). He founded and co-edits the Made in China Journal.
Mark Bo is the China Global Programme Director at Inclusive Development International. He closely follows trends in both private and state-backed Chinese investment in Southeast Asia and Africa. He has published extensively on the trends, impacts, and regulation of China’s overseas finance and investment, particularly with respect to land and natural resource rights and the environment. He has expertise on the social and environmental safeguards of various national and multilateral financial institutions and works with local partners to monitor and advocate for improved environmental and social practices in Chinese overseas projects.
Ching Kwan Lee is a Professor of Sociology at UCLA. Her award-winning monographs on China’s turn to capitalism through the lens of labour include Gender and the South China Miracle: Two Worlds of Factory Women (1998), Against the Law: Labor Protests in China’s Rustbelt and Sunbelt (2007), and The Specter of Global China: Politics, Labor and Foreign Investment in Africa (2017). Her recent co-edited volumes include The Social Question in the 21st Century: a Global View (2019) and Take Back Our Future: an Eventful Political Sociology of the Hong Kong Umbrella Movement (2019).
Nicholas Loubere is an Associate Professor in the Study of Modern China at the Centre for East and South-East Asian Studies, Lund University. His research examines socioeconomic development in rural China, with a particular focus on microcredit and migration. He co-edits the Made in China Journal.
Hong Zhang (张翃) is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the China-Africa Research Initiative at Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, and fellow at the Columbia-Harvard China and the World Program. Her research interests include China’s political economy, international development cooperation and foreign aid, and the global expansion of Chinese state-owned enterprises. She is a member of the editorial team of the Made in China Journal. Previously, she worked as a reporter with China’s Caixin Media where she covered Chinese economy and international affairs.
Now director of the China Media Project, leading the project’s research and partnerships, David joined the team in 2004 after completing his master’s degree at Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism. He is currently an honorary lecturer at the Journalism and Media Studies Centre. He is the author of Dragons in Diamond Village (Penguin/Melville House, 2015), a book of reportage about urbanization and social activism in China, and co-editor of Investigative Journalism in China (HKU Press, 2010).
Romain Dittgen is trained as a Human Geographer and has been exploring forms of societal change in different contexts in Sub-Saharan Africa. While his research is framed around questions of urban governance, as well as the interplay between the materiality of cities and ways of living together, his main empirical attention has focused on Africa-China engagements, predominantly in urban settings. Romain works as an assistant professor at Utrecht University (Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning) and he is also an associate researcher at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Jessica DiCarlo is the Chevalier Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of British Columbia’s Institute of Asian Research in the School of Public Policy and Global Affairs. She received her PhD in Geography from the University of Colorado Boulder. She is interested in Chinese capital and infrastructure as global drivers of political-economic and environmental change. Her expertise is centred on China and her interests in borderlands have led her to conduct research in Laos, Nepal, and India. Her research has been published in Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Geoforum, Ecology and Society, and Ambio and she is the co-editor of The Rise of the Infrastructure State (2022).
Ruben Gonzalez-Vicente is an Associate Professor in Political Economy at the University of Birmingham (UoB). He received his PhD from the University of Cambridge in 2013 and worked at the City University of Hong Kong and the University of Leiden before joining UoB. His articles have appeared in journals such as Review of International Political Economy, Political Geography, Globalizations, The China Quarterly, Third World Quarterly, and Latin American Politics and Society.
Jordan Lynton is an Assistant Professor of Anthropology in the Department of Anthropology and Middle Eastern Studies at Mississippi State University. Her research uses an interdisciplinary approach to questions of race, diaspora, transnationalism, governance, and globalisation surrounding Chinese infrastructure development projects in Jamaica. Dr Lynton has been awarded research grants from Fulbright Hays and the Coordinating Council for Women in History. In 2020, she was a Fellow at the Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis.
Igor Rogelja is a Lecturer in Global Politics at University College London, where he works mostly on international infrastructure and Chinese politics. He was previously based at the Lau China Institute at King’s College London and completed his doctoral studies at SOAS, University of London. He is interested in the politics of space and is involved in several research projects examining the effects of Chinese infrastructural investment in the so-called Belt and Road Initiative.
Konstantinos Tsimonis is a Lecturer in Chinese Society at the Lau China Institute, King’s College London. He has a PhD from the School of Oriental and African Studies where he also taught courses on Chinese, East Asian, and comparative politics. His book The Chinese Communist Youth League: Juniority and Responsiveness in a Party Youth Organization was published by Amsterdam University Press in 2021. Konstantinos is currently working on a British Academy funded research project on China’s ‘Balkan Corridor’.
Farkhod Aminjonov is an Assistant Professor at Zayed University in the United Arab Emirates. Energy security, pipeline politics and sustainable development with a particular focus on the Eurasian region lie at the center of his research interests. Recently, he has also been working on a broader context of Central Asia–China relations within the Belt and Road Initiative.
Patrik Andersson is a soon-to-graduate industrial PhD candidate from Aalborg University and the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland. His PhD thesis studied Chinese interests in Arctic minerals. He is currently employed as a scientific assistant at the Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS).
Natalie Bugalski is a co-founder and the Legal and Policy Director of Inclusive Development International. Natalie is an international human rights lawyer with expertise on corporate and development finance accountability, as well as land tenure and resettlement policy. Natalie holds a Bachelor of Law and a PhD in law from Monash University, Australia.
Oyuna Baldakova is a PhD Candidate at the Graduate School of East Asian Studies, Freie University Berlin. Her interests include China’s political economy and development cooperation, energy transition, and sustainable development in Eurasia. In her doctoral project, Oyuna investigates the BRI implementation in Central Asia. She previously worked in the field of international development on projects with UNESCO Bangkok and EU DEVCO.
Diana Castro is the Research Director of Latinoamerica Sustentable (LAS) and a doctoral fellow in the Latin American Studies Programme at the Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar (UASB-Ecuador). Since 2014, Diana has studied Latin America–China relations, with a particular emphasis on Chinese financing mechanisms for development and infrastructure-investment projects. Diana is a member of The Latin America and the Caribbean Network on China (Red ALC-China) and La Red China y América Latina (REDCAEM).
Wanjing (Kelly) Chen is a research assistant professor in the Division of Social Science at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Her research focuses on the relationship between the state and capital in the ongoing globalisation of the Chinese political economy. Following the footprint of Chinese investors who are lured into Laos by the Chinese state’s vision of the Belt and Road Initiative, she demonstrates how their discrete and improvisational practices of investment collectively work to turn the initiative into a reality.
Yunnan Chen is a Senior Research Officer in the Development and Public Finance programme at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI). Her research interests centre around development finance, particularly in infrastructure and energy sectors, and Chinese development finance overseas. She is a PhD Candidate at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies.
Plato Cheng is an independent researcher interested in ethnic conflicts and state-making in both Myanmar and the South Caucasus. He holds a MA in Conflict Resolution and Mediation from Tel Aviv University and another MA in Political Science from Central European University.
Ronald Chipaike holds a PhD in International Relations from Rhodes University, South Africa. Currently, he lectures on International Relations at Bindura University of Science Education in Zimbabwe. His research interests include Africa–China relations and African agency.
Frangton Chiyemura holds a PhD in international development and is currently a lecturer in international development in the Department of Development Policy and Practice at The Open University in the United Kingdom. His research focuses on Chinese financing and development of critical infrastructure in Africa and how such projects contribute to inclusive growth and structural economic transformation.
Edmund Downie is a Non-Resident Fellow at the Columbia University SIPA Center on Global Energy Policy. He was a Fulbright Scholar in Kunming, Yunnan in 2017-18 studying Chinese trade and investment with Southeast Asia in energy and agriculture. He will enter the Princeton University School of Public and International Affairs as a PhD student in Public Affairs in the fall of 2021.
Francesca Ghiretti is a PhD candidate at King’s College London where she has been awarded the Leverhulme Scholarship as part of the project ‘Interrogating Visions of a Post-Western World: Interdisciplinary and Interregional Perspectives on the Future in a Changing International Order’. She is also a research fellow at Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) in Rome and a geopolitical analyst at CQS, a London-based hedge fund.
Pius Ginting is the coordinator of the Indonesian NGO Action for Ecology and People Emancipation (AEER). He is a campaigner and researcher focusing on the environmental and social impacts of extractive industries in Indonesia.
Mladen Grgic is a PhD candidate at the University of Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona, and an associate of the European Institute for Asian Studies in Brussels. He previously conducted research at the University of California, Berkeley, and Xiamen University. He writes in the field of international political economy, with a focus on Chinese infrastructure investments in Eastern Europe and the Balkan region and their impact on internal political dynamics and foreign policy. In parallel, he works as an executive manager of international companies and as a consultant for private enterprises in various sectors.
Burak Gürel is an Assistant Professor of Sociology and Co-Director of the Centre for Asian Studies at Koç University in Istanbul. Gürel earned his PhD in Sociology from Johns Hopkins University in 2015. He has been published in The Journal of Peasant Studies, Journal of Agrarian Change, Rural China, Review of Radical Political Economics, European Review, New Perspectives on Turkey, and several edited volumes.
Oudom Ham is an environmental and human rights consultant. He has expertise in investigative research, fact-finding, and documentation of social and environmental impacts associated with energy development. He closely follows the development of coal-fired power, large-scale hydropower, and clean energy projects in Cambodia and the Greater Mekong Subregion.
Irna Hofman is a Postdoctoral Research Associate within the European Research Council–funded project ‘China, Law and Development’ at the University of Oxford. She is a legal and rural sociologist specialised in agrarian transformation in Central Asia, with long-term ethnographic fieldwork experience in the Central Asian countryside, and interests and expertise in agrarian political economy, labour relations, food security, gender, and environmental studies, as well as the presence of Chinese actors in Central Asia.
Haneea Isaad is a researcher at the Rural Development Policy Institute. She is a graduate of Yale School of the Environment and specialises in energy policy and economics. Haneea has been actively involved in campaigning for a cleaner energy transition in Pakistan through advocacy and research. She also works as a consultant for the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis, where she covers Asian energy markets.
Danielle Keeton-Olsen is a freelance journalist based in Phnom Penh, covering environmental, business, and labour issues in Cambodia and beyond. She works as a reporter and editor for the Phnom Penh news outlet VOD English, and additionally contributes reporting to Mongabay, South China Morning Post, China Dialogue, Al Jazeera, and others.
Sasha Kinney is a researcher and consultant in Kenya. She provides a range of support to community-led campaigns and organisations, particularly in their advocacy in response to energy and infrastructure projects. In this work, she has produced strategic research and analysis, organised capacity-building workshops, and facilitated evidence-based international financial stakeholder advocacy. She is an affiliate of Georgetown University, African Studies Program, in Washington DC.
Mina Kozluca is a PhD student in the Department of International Development at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Before joining the LSE, she was a visiting researcher at Koç University Centre for Asian Studies. She continues to act as a supervisor researcher at the Koç University Belt and Road Initiative Lab.
Rubén Lauferis a postgraduate professor and researcher at the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. He has published numerous academic articles in journals such as Revista Ciclos, Revista Interdisciplinaria de Estudios Sociales, and Revista Izquierdas, among others.
Guanie Lim is an Assistant Professor at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Japan. His main research interests are comparative political economy, value chain analysis, and the Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia. He is also interested in broader development issues within Asia, especially those of China, Vietnam, and Malaysia. His latest monograph—The Political Economy of Growth in Vietnam: Between States and Markets (2020)—details the catching-up experience of Vietnam since its 1986 doi moi (renovation) reforms.
Lin ZHU (朱琳) is an independent scholar interested in the political economy and political ecology of Global China. Her work interrogates Chinese mining investment in Peru through an ethnographic lens, focussing on the social and economic impacts on the ground. Zhu holds an MA in Human Geography from the University of Colorado Boulder.
Neil Loughlin is a Lecturer in Comparative Politics at City, University of London. His main research interests include authoritarian politics and the politics of land dispossession and resource extraction. Most of Neil’s work has focused on Southeast Asia, where he previously worked for several local and international nongovernmental organisations as a human rights worker and development professional
Juliet Lu is a political ecologist who focuses on the implications of China’s growing investments in land and other resources across the world, particularly on rubber in the Mekong Region. She is currently a postdoctoral research fellow at the Cornell University Atkinson Center for Sustainability and will be starting in July 2022 as an Assistant Professor at the University of British Columbia in Forest Resources Management and the School of Public Policy & Global Affairs.
Vida Macikenaite is Assistant Professor at the International University of Japan. She holds graduate degrees from Keio University in Japan and Fudan University in China. While her major research interest centres on China’s foreign relations, recently she has been looking into perceptions of China in Europe. She is also interested in authoritarian regimes and state capacity in comparative perspective.
Sango Mahanty is a Professor at the Australian National University. She is a critical geographer who currently studies the politics of green economies, frontier markets, and dramatic nature-society transformations or rupture in Cambodia and Vietnam. She has worked with civil society and government in Australia and the Asia-Pacific, and teaches postgraduate courses on social impact assessment and pollution/waste.
Sarah Milne is a senior lecturer at the Crawford School of Public Policy at The Australian National University. Since gaining her PhD in Geography from the University of Cambridge (2010), Sarah has studied natural resource politics in a range of settings. Most of her work has focused on Cambodia, where she has been active as an environmentalist and advocate since 2002. Sarah’s latest publication explores local experiences of violence around hydropower dams in the Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia.
Ellen Moore is the International Mining Campaign Manager at Earthworks, an environmental non-profit dedicated to protecting communities and the environment from the adverse impacts of mineral and energy development while promoting sustainable solutions. She leads campaign efforts to end the practice of submarine tailings disposal and to support Indigenous communities exerting their right to free, prior, and informed consent.
Shirin Naseer is a Research Assistant at the Central European Institute of Asian Studies and a PhD student at Palacky University, Olomouc. Her research focuses on the impact of China’s soft power vis-a-vis the Belt and Road Initiative in South Asia. She formerly worked as a Senior Research Analyst at Spearhead Research, specialising in Pakistan’s political risk analysis, with a focus on Asia Pacific developments.
Rundong Ning is a PhD candidate in anthropology at Yale University. His dissertation research is about entrepreneurship and changing modes of work in Congo-Brazzaville. He also studies international money transfer in Congo and China–Africa connections. His research interests include work, entrepreneurship, volunteerism, finance, and science, technology, and society. He has done fieldwork in Africa and China.
Marcin Przychodniak works as a China analyst in the Asia and Pacific Program at the Polish Institute of International Affairs. He obtained his PhD in Political Science in 2012 at the University of Warsaw. In 2005, he graduated in political science from Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań. Between 2012 and 2016, he worked as a diplomat at the Polish Embassy in Beijing.
Julie Radomski is a PhD candidate at American University’s School of International Service. Her dissertation research explores the emergence of China as a development actor in Latin America through an ethnography of Ecuador’s Coca Codo Sinclair hydroelectric project. She holds an MPhil in Development Studies from the University of Cambridge and BPhil in Anthropology and Economics from the University of Pittsburgh.
Greg Raymond is a lecturer in the Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs researching Southeast Asian politics and foreign relations. He is the author of Thai Military Power: A Culture of Strategic Accommodation (2018) and the lead author of The United States-Thai Alliance: History, Memory and Current Developments (forthcoming).
Ricardo Reboredo is an Assistant Professor of International Relations in the Department of International Relations and European Studies, Metropolitan University Prague (MUP). He received his PhD in Geography from Trinity College Dublin (2020). His research focuses on China’s politico-economic internationalisation and the varied ways in which this is articulated throughout the Global South.
Tabita Rosendal is a PhD student at the Centre for East and South-East Asian Studies, Lund University, Sweden, as well as an affiliate at the Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, Denmark. Her research focuses on the Chinese governance practices of the 21st-Century Maritime Silk Road, part of the Belt and Road Initiative, as well as the role of China’s state-owned enterprises in port projects in Sri Lanka and China.
Cheryl Mei-ting Schmitz conducted ethnographic fieldwork on Chinese business and labour relations in Angola from 2012 to 2014. Her publications on the topic have appeared in HAU, Journal of Asian and Pacific Migration, and American Anthropologist. She is currently based at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin, where she is tracing the development of African studies in China.
David Styan teaches international relations at Birkbeck College, University of London. He has written extensively on political and economic issues in the Horn of Africa. Recent published work includes articles on the role of China and other foreign powers in the Red Sea region.
Ágnes Szunomár, PhD is a Hungarian economist studying China’s economic footprint in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). She is the head of the Research Group on Development Economics at the Institute of World Economics, CERS, Hungary and an Associate Professor at Corvinus University, Budapest. With more than 100 scientific publications, Ágnes has led and participated in several international research projects. She is a member of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action ‘China in Europe Research Network’, where she is the head of Working Group on Strategic Sectors and Infrastructure Developments. She is also a member of China Observers in Central and Eastern Europe (CHOICE) network.
Angela Tritto is an Adjunct Assistant Professor at the Division of Public Policy and a Postdoctoral Fellow jointly appointed by the Institute of Emerging Market Studies and by the Division of Social Science at HKUST. She is also a Fellow of the Global Future Council of Sustainable Tourism at the World Economic Forum. She is currently working on projects related to the sustainability of Chinese overseas investments and, more broadly, the Belt and Road Initiative in Southeast Asia. She holds a PhD from the City University of Hong Kong.
Richard Turcsanyi is a Key Researcher at Palacky University Olomouc, Assistant Professor at Mendel University in Brno, and Programme Director at the Central European Institute of Asian Studies (CEIAS). He holds a PhD in International Relations and further degrees in economy and political science. He is the author of Chinese Assertiveness in the South China Sea (2017) and has published a number of academic articles and opinion pieces on Chinese foreign policy and relations between China and Central and Eastern Europe. He is a member of various networks focusing on contemporary China and EU-China relations.
Anastas Vangeli is an Assistant Professor at the School of Economics and Business, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. He is also a Research Fellow at the EU–Asia Institute, ESSCA School of Management, and a Senior Non-Resident Fellow at the ChinaMed Project, Torino World Affairs Institute. Anastas has written on global China, its domestic transformations, and its ideational impact abroad, the Belt and Road Initiative, Europe–China relations (including relations between China and Central, Eastern and southeastern Europe), and nationalism in Europe and beyond.
Ying Wang is a PhD researcher at Institute for Area Studies, Leiden University, with a research focus on the internationalisation of Chinese NGOs. Her PhD thesis examines the role of Chinese NGOs in China’s development cooperation. On the Leiden Belt and Road Platform, she curates the Chinese NGO Internationalization Database, a global map focusing on international humanitarian and development projects of Chinese NGOs. Prior to her PhD research, she worked for the Clinton Health Access Initiative.
Trissia Wijaya is a PhD candidate at the Asia Research Center, Murdoch University, with a focus on political economy of infrastructure governance and green development in Indonesia. She has five years of experience conducting research in China, Japan, and Indonesia and her research interests revolve around Chinese and Japanese infrastructure investment in Southeast Asia. Her research has been published in academic journals such as Pacific Review, Southeast Asian Studies, and Territory, Politics, and Governance, and she also contributes to media outlets and think-tank reports.
Pei-hua Yu is a journalist covering energy transition and Chinese investment and infrastructure projects in Southeast Asia. She is currently based in Taiwan and writes for publications around the world. She was previously based in Beijing, Hong Kong, and Yangon.
Denghua Zhang is a Research Fellow at the Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs, The Australian National University. His research focuses on Chinese foreign policy, foreign aid, and China’s relations with the Asia-Pacific region, especially the Pacific. His book A Cautious New Approach: China’s Growing Trilateral Aid Cooperation was one of ANU Press’ top ten new releases in 2020.
Xiao’ou Zhu is a consultant on international development. Her research interests include international trade policies, global value chains, regional integration, emerging technologies, state-owned enterprise reform, and industrial policies in international trade and investment. She used to work in impact investment to combine global stakeholders’ efforts to launch business-driven development programs where investors’ interests and development priorities intersect in postwar countries.
Aksi Ekologi dan Emansipasi Rakyat / Action for Ecology and People’s Emancipation (AEER) is an Indonesian NGO that exists to defend the rights of communities who are negatively impacted by a strategic policy of production that sacrifices communities and destroys their environment.
Asia Monitor Resource Centre (AMRC) is a regional labour organisation based in Hong Kong promoting labour rights, gender equality, and a life of dignity for all workers, and contributing to the development of an independent and democratic labour movement in Asia. AMRC interventions involve training, capacity building, strategic research, campaigning, advocacy, and networking to support trade unions, labour organisations, victims’ networks, professionals, academics, and researchers.
The Business & Human Rights Resource Centre is an independent non-profit organisation that tracks the human rights impacts of thousands of companies in more than 180 countries. With an online audience of over two million, our digital action platform links to reports about positive initiatives by companies as well as to reports about concerns that have been raised by civil society.
Earthworks is a nonprofit organisation dedicated to protecting communities and the environment from the adverse impacts of mineral and energy development while promoting sustainable solutions.
Future Forum is an independent think tank based in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. They focus on research, analysis, and public policy as a dynamic response to an identified ‘policy gap’ in Cambodia, seeking to stimulate a new type of thinking to enable Cambodian society to make better decisions and to achieve better outcomes, with young people coming to the fore.
Inclusive Development International (IDI) is an independent, not-for-profit organisation dedicated to supporting communities to defend their rights and resources in the face of harmful corporate activities and creating a more just and inclusive global economy.
International Rivers protects rivers and defends the rights of communities that depend on them. We seek a world where healthy rivers and the rights of local river communities are valued and protected. We envision a world where water and energy needs are met without degrading nature or increasing poverty, and where people have the right to participate in decisions that affect their lives.
Latinoamérica Sustentable (LAS) conducts research, raises awareness, develops advocacy tools, and promotes collaboration among NGOs in Latin America, China and other parts of the world. LAS is legally established as an Ecuadorian organization and works to protect the environment and local communities within the context of Chinese development finance in Latin America.
The Raoul Wallenberg Institute (RWI) was established in 1984 at Lund University. We are an independent academic institution that has offices, programmes, and convening power covering more than 40 countries. The institute combines evidence-based human rights research with direct engagement to bring about human rights change. Our mission is to contribute to a wider understanding of, and respect for, human rights and international humanitarian law.
Rural Development Policy Institute (RDPI) is a civil initiative aimed at stimulating public dialogue on policies, informing public action, and celebrating capacities and addressing vulnerabilities of resource-poor rural communities in Pakistan. RDPI undertakes research, planning, training, and advocacy endeavours to streamline appropriate and people-centred rural development at village, union council, tehsil, and district levels. Since 2020, the organisation has been carrying out an advocacy campaign to promote renewable energy, reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases and CO2, and de-carbonisation in Pakistan.